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Health Spiritual Med Ethics 2021, 8(2): 85-94 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy With and Without Compassion on Spiritual Fatalism and Depression in Diabetic Patients
Tahereh Panahi , Fatemeh Shahabizadeh , Alireza Mahmoudirad
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (439 Views)
Background and Objectives: There exists a relationship between spirituality and depression.
Moreover, psychological interventions are effective in this regard. Thus, this study aimed
to investigate the effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) with and without
compassion on spiritual fatalism and depression in non-clinically depressed diabetic patients.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test, post-test and follow-up and a
control group design. The statistical population included all non-clinical depressed patients with
type 2 diabetes in the welfare centers of Mashhad City, Iran, in 2020. To form 3 research groups
using the purposive sampling method, 33 subjects were selected and randomly divided into the
study groups. Moreover, after 2 months, a follow-up test was performed on the research groups.
The research instruments included the Patient Health Questionnaire (Depression) by Arbi et al.
and the Diagnosis Scale of Egede and Ellis Diabetes.
Results: The repeated measures analysis of variance data suggested that the ACT approaches
with and without compassion intervention were effective in increasing spiritual fatalism (P<0.05)
and reducing depression (P<0.05) in the explored nonclinical depressed diabetic patients.
Moreover, the follow-up data revealed the stability of the collected results (P<0.05).
Conclusion:ACT, as an effective intervention can be used in medical centers to increase spiritual
fatalism and reduce depression in diabetic patients with depression vulnerability.
Keywords: Depression, Fate, Spirituality, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Compassion
Full-Text [PDF 1160 kb]   (206 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (85 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/12/22 | Accepted: 2021/07/4 | Published: 2021/11/10
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Panahi T, shahabizadeh F, Mahmoudirad A. The Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy With and Without Compassion on Spiritual Fatalism and Depression in Diabetic Patients. Health Spiritual Med Ethics. 2021; 8 (2) :85-94
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