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Health Spiritual Med Ethics 2021, 8(2): 77-84 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship Between Children’s Social-Emotional Competence, Spiritual Health, and Maternal MetaEmotion Structure Attachment Style
Masoumeh Sefidgari Goli , Hooman Namvar , Farhad Jomehri
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Saveh Branch, Saveh, Iran
Abstract:   (464 Views)
Background and Objectives: Understanding the influences of parents on children in the process
of psychosocial and personality development of children and adolescents has been the focus of
psychologists and sociologists. This study aimed to predict the emotional and social competence
of the child based on spiritual health and maternal emotional structure according to the mediating
role of children’s attachment style.
Methods: The statistical population of this correlational descriptive was female primary
school students and their mothers in Tehran City, Iran. Of them, 250 individuals were selected
by purposive and voluntary sampling method using Klein’s method. The research instruments
included Zhu and Ji’s (2012) Emotional and Social Competency Inventory, Polutzin and
Ellison’s Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), and Kern’s Attachment Style Classification
QuestionnaireAttachment style. The collected data were analyzed using AMOS.
Results: The obtained results suggested that the structure of maternal metacognition was directly
related to children’s attachment style (-0.33); maternal spiritual health and children’s attachment
style (0.37); the structure of maternal metacognition and the emotional-social competence of the
child (-0.26); mothers’ spiritual health and child’s emotional and social competence (0.18), and
the child’s attachment style and the child’s emotional and social competence (0.49). The structure
of maternal emotional well-being and the emotional-social competence of the child (-0.16) as
well as the spiritual health of the mother and the emotional-social competence of the child (0.18)
were indirectly related.
Conclusion: Considering the importance of the child’s emotional and social competence, the
emphasis on the influential factors of the present study can be promoted in developing this skill
among children. Maternal spiritual health and emotional structure were related to the child’s
emotional and social competence through the attachment style of the child; the strongest
relationship concerned the relationship between attachment style and emotional and social
Keywords: Children, Spiritual, Emotion, Meta-emotion
Full-Text [PDF 1082 kb]   (291 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (102 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2020/09/17 | Accepted: 2021/06/28 | Published: 2021/11/10
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Sefidgari Goli M, Namvar H, Jomehri F. The Relationship Between Children’s Social-Emotional Competence, Spiritual Health, and Maternal MetaEmotion Structure Attachment Style. Health Spiritual Med Ethics. 2021; 8 (2) :77-84
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