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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (Dec 2019 2019) ::
Health Spiritual Med Ethics 2019, 6(4): 23-28 Back to browse issues page
Predictive Role of Spiritual Well-Being for Optimism and Life Expectancy among Women Who Referred To Health Centers
Bahman Kord , Sayran Biadar Ms *
Department of Psychology, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran.
Abstract:   (604 Views)
Background and Objectives: Spiritual well-being is one of the most important aspects of the quality of life that affects women's health and development. The present study aimed to evaluate the predictive role of spiritual well-being for optimism and life expectancy among women who referred to health centers.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted based on a correlational research design. The study population included all women who referred to health centers in Mahabad, Iran. In total, 200 women were selected based on the convenience sampling method. The data were collected using an optimism questionnaire designed by Nori and Janbozorgi, Miller Hope Scale, and spiritual well-being scale developed by Paloutzian and Ellison. In addition, the data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 20) through the Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression test.
Results: The results of the present study revealed that optimism (r=0.21) and life expectancy (r=0.28) correlated significantly with the spiritual well-being of women (P<0.01). Moreover, the obtained standard coefficients indicated that life expectancy (Beta=0.26) and optimism (Beta=0.21) are the first and second most determinative variables in predicting the spiritual well-being of women, respectively.
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, spiritual well-being plays a predictive role for life expectancy and optimism, respectively. Therefore, skill-based training, such self-attribution, hopefulness, and optimism is essential to improve the spiritual well-being of women.
 
Keywords: Life expectancy, Optimism, Spiritual well-being.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2019/08/4 | Accepted: 2019/10/26 | Published: 2019/12/5
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Kord B, Biadar S. Predictive Role of Spiritual Well-Being for Optimism and Life Expectancy among Women Who Referred To Health Centers. Health Spiritual Med Ethics. 2019; 6 (4) :23-28
URL: http://jhsme.muq.ac.ir/article-1-325-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 4 (Dec 2019 2019) Back to browse issues page
Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics
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