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Health Spiritual Med Ethics 2021, 8(1): 11-19 Back to browse issues page
Moderating Role of Religiosity in the Relationship between Identity and Body Management
Ommol Banin Chaboki , Maryam Safara
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Women's Research Institute, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (313 Views)
Background and Objectives: The unconventional body management among Iranian women has led to the emergence of various individual and social consequences, highlighting the necessity of investigating this phenomenon from different dimensions. This study aimed to examine the moderating role of religion in the relationship between identity and body management.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on all women (n=400) aged 15-65 years old in the city of Tehran, Iran, selected using the multi-stage cluster sampling method.  The research instruments consisted of three questionnaires, namely a researcher-made questionnaire on body management, the Dimensions of Religiosity Scale, and the Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status-2. The validity of the researcher-made questionnaire was confirmed by experts and its reliability was evaluated as appropriate using Cronbach's alpha coefficient method.
Results: The results of the correlation test showed that at the 99% confidence level, there was a statistically significant correlation between tendency to body management and identity (r=-0.319, P<0.001). Moreover, based on the results of regression analysis, religiosity had a moderating role in the relationship between identity and tendency to body management (β=-0.31, P<0.001) and strengthens the negative correlation between dependent and independent variables. It was also revealed that the beliefs and consequences dimensions of religiosity had respectively the highest and least moderating effect in the relationship between tendency to body management and identity (β=0.78, P<0.001; β=0.776, P<0.05, respectively).
Conclusion: The results showed that religiosity could play a role in the tendency to body management, meaning that a higher level of religiosity led to a lower tendency to body management by affecting identity.

Keywords: Body Management, Identity, Religious, Women.en
Full-Text [PDF 490 kb]   (163 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (110 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2019/07/17 | Accepted: 2021/04/18 | Published: 2021/03/30
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35. Canpolat BI, Orsel S, Akdemir A, Ozbay MH. The relationship between dieting and body image, body ideal, self‐perception, and body mass index in Turkish adolescents. Int J Eat Disord 2005;37(2):150-5. DOI: 10.1002/eat.20081
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38. Bourdieu P. The logic of practice. California: Stanford University Press; 1990. Link
39. Bourdieu P, Richardson JG. The forms of capital. New York: Greenwood Press; 1986. Link
40. Wellington CA, Bryson JR. At face value? Image consultancy, emotional labour and professional work. Sociology 2001;35(4):933-46. DOI: 10.1177/00380385010
41. 35004008
42. Scott J. Sociology and its others: reflections on disciplinary specialisation and fragmentation. Sociol Res Online 2005;10(1):71-8. DOI: 10.5153/sro.1055
43. Niazi M, Karkonannasrabadi M. A study of the relationship between religiousness and lifestyle: a case study of the residents of Kashan city in 2011. Soc Dev Welfare Plan 2013;4(16):173-213. DOI: 10.22054/QJSD.2013.844
44. Rostami N, Rad F. Sociological explanation of body management among female athletes. Womens Stud Sociol Psychol 2019;17(1):63-94. DOI: 10.22051/jwsps.2019.
45. 1640
46. Rahiminezhad A. Psychometric properties of an objective measure of ego identity status in adolescents. Contempor Psychol 2015;9(2):49-62. (In Persian) Link
47. Abdi M, Rezaie A. A Study on the piety levels among university students. Strateg Stud Youth Sports 2014;13(24):172-9. (In Persian) Link
48. Fatehi A, Ekhlasi E. Body management and its relationship with social acceptance of body (A case study of Shirazi women). Womens Strateg Stud 2008;11(41):9-42. (In Persian) Link
49. Dehestani M, Zadehmohammadi A, Mohammadi S. The extent of religiosity and its relationship with university students' identity styles. Int J Behav Sci 2012;6(2):171-9. (In Persian) Link
50. Najafi M, Ahadi H, Delavar A. The relationship between family function and religiosity with identity crisis. Clin Psychol Pers 2006;13(16):17-26. (In Persian) Link
51. Abdolhosseini A, Haghighatian M. A study of social factors affecting the body management (Case study: adolescents and youths of Isfahan city). Sociol Stud Youth 2018;9(29):9-26. (In Persian) Link
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chaboki O B, safara M. Moderating Role of Religiosity in the Relationship between Identity and Body Management. Health Spiritual Med Ethics. 2021; 8 (1) :11-19
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