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:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (September 2016) ::
Health Spiritual Med Ethics 2016, 3(3): 4-11 Back to browse issues page
Development and Validation of Islamic Questionnaire of Spiritual Intelligence
Sareh Dermanaki Farahani , Faramarz Sohrabi, Masoud Azarbayejani
Department of Clinical Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (9922 Views)

Background and Objectives: Spiritual intelligence makes a major contribution to people’s health and well-being. Since religion is considered as an enriched context for Muslim communities, which can provide them with spiritual experiences, the aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire in order to assess spiritual intelligence among people in these communities.
Methods: In this study, 10 components derived from the literature were examined using Islamic texts and interviews with Islamic scholars. Applying the expert opinion method, the items of interest were made. The developed questionnaire was then administered on a sample of 350 students from Tehran University and seminaries in Tehran selected by stratified sampling to establish its factor structure, validity, and reliability.
Results: Nine items were omitted in the preliminary conduction of the questionnaire. Following the explanatory factor analysis, six more questions were also eliminated due to their factor loadings being less than the critical value of 0.3. The Scree plot revealed that the factor structure of the questionnaire consisted of five main components which determined 36.99 percent of the total variance. Moreover, the Cronbach’s Alpha was obtained to be 0.92 which showed a proper internal consistency. Using King’s SISCI-24 questionnaire, the concurrent validity was also deemed relatively acceptable.
Conclusion: The main strength of this study was the development of a contextually competent instrument to assess spiritual intelligence among Muslim people. This questionnaire instrument showed relatively acceptable reliability and validity, and can be used in future research, especially in health sciences, among the population of interest.

Keywords: Factor Analysis, Islam, Spirituality, Spiritual Intelligence.
Full-Text [PDF 525 kb]   (2513 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: General
Received: 2016/08/28 | Accepted: 2016/08/28 | Published: 2016/08/28
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Dermanaki Farahani S, Sohrabi F, Azarbayejani M. Development and Validation of Islamic Questionnaire of Spiritual Intelligence. Health Spiritual Med Ethics. 2016; 3 (3) :4-11
URL: http://jhsme.muq.ac.ir/article-1-116-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 3 (September 2016) Back to browse issues page
Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics
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